Ресторанная лексика или в ресторан на английском языке

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Good appetite!    Bon appetite!
 

Содержание

Типы ресторанов и закусочных
Типы меню / обслуживания
Разделы меню
Сервировка стола
Столовые приборы и сервиз
Алкоголь
Кофе
Приправы
Мясные блюда
Птица
Яйца
Гарниры
Морепродукты
Десерт
Хлеб
Обслуживание
Фразы
Диалоги

Types of Restaurants

Canteen
Café/ coffee shop
Takeout = take away food – заведение, готовящее еду на вынос.
Doughnut bar –бар, торгующий пончиками
Pub
Cafeteria
Diner – закусочная, придорожный ресторан (вагончик)
Fast food restaurant
Luxury restaurant
Expensive restaurant

Different menus

Buffet – «шведский стол», фуршет
A la carte – порционные блюда из меню, можно выбрать по отдельности
Table d’hote – комплексный обед (из нескольких блюд) по фиксированной цене (A dinner of four courses – обед из четырех блюд)

Chapters in menu

Aperitif - аперитив
Appetizers - закуски
Cold platter = hors d’oeuvre – холодные закуски (мясная нарезка)
Soup = the first course – первое блюдо, суп
Entrée = the main course – горячее блюдо, основное
Side dish = garnish
Sweets = dessert
Wine card
Cheeseboard – сырная тарелка

On the table

Table cloth
Napkins
Salt shaker = saltcellar
Pepper shaker = pepper pot
Sugar bowl
Cruet of oil
Sauce
Ash-tray (in smoking zone)

Cutlery

Plate
Bottom plate – низкая тарелка
Soup plate
Knife – knives
Fish knife
Butter knife
Fork
Table fork – вилка для второго
Fish fork
Dessert fork
Spoon
Soup spoon
Tae spoon
Dish
Carafe – графин
Glass
Cup and saucer
Tea pot
Coffee pot
Straw
Corkscrew

Alcohol, Wine list = wine card

Beverages
Soft drinks
Water
Fizzy = sparkling water
Still water
Low-alcohol drinks
Beer = ale
Lager – светлое пиво
Bitter – горькое пиво (pint – 0.57 l,   half a pint)
Cider
Wine
Sweet wine
Semi-sweet = demi-doux – полусладкое
Half-dry = demi-see  - полусухое
Dry wine
House red
House white
Champagne
Liqueur
Cocktails
Hard drinks = Hot drinks = Spirits
Whiskey
Cognac
Rum

Coffee

Espresso = Strong black coffee
Americano
Cappuccino
Café latte
Iced coffee
Coffee liqueurs
Irish coffee (espresso + whisky + cream)
Decaf coffee = decaffeinated
Black coffee
White coffee
Tea
Cream tea
Milk shake – молочный коктейль

Dressings

Salt
Pepper
Sugar
Cream
Mustard
Ketchup
Syrup
Salad dressing

Meat course

Lamb - мясо ягненка
lamb chops
Lamb’s brain
Pork - свинина
Pork sausages
pork chop - свиная отбивная
Pig’s kidney
Pig’s blood
A leg of pork
Beef - говядина
Stewing beef / steak - тушеная говядина
Oxtail - бычий хвост
Ox tongue - говяжий язык
A fillet of beef
Sausage
Mutton - баранина
A shoulder of mutton
Veal - телятина
Veal cutlets
Veal escalopes
A shoulder of veal
Calf’s liver - телячья печень
Calf’s heart
Calf’s foot
Sheep’s head
Venison – оленина

Roastbeef
Meatballs биточки
Cutlets
Meat dumplings - пельмени
Liver - печень
Steak

Poultry - птица

Chicken
Duck
Goose
Turkey
Partridge / grouse – куропатка

Eggs
Boiled egg
Omelette
Fried eggs
Hard boiled eggs
Soft-boiled eggs
Scrambled eggs

Trimmings

Spaghetti
Macaroni
Noodles
Ravioli
Lasagna

Potatoes
Mashed
Baked potato
Roast potatoes
Potatoes done in their jackets

Seafood

fish
shellfish - моллюски
Salmon - семга
Jellied – заливное
Plaice – камбала
Crabmeat – крабы
Shrimp – креветки
Grouper – морской окунь
Lobster – омар
Prawn - креветки
Mussel – мидия
Sturgeon – осетрина
Sardines – сардины
Herring  - сельдь
Pikeperch – судак
Oyster – устрицы
Trout – форель
Pike – щука
Sole - морской язык
Cod - треска
Haddock - пикша
Eel - угорь
Mackerel - скумбрия

Desserts

Ice-cream (for the sweet)
Cake
2 lumps of sugar
pancakes with …..
tart
sweets
apple pie
pudding
empanada
Shortbread
cookies
marmalade
croissant
honey
candy
jam
jelly
bun
strawberries
raspberries
biscuit
berries
nuts

Bread

Rye bread
White bread
Brown bread
Crumpets
Scones
roll

 

Каша - Porridge
Каша гречневая - Boiled buckwheat
Каша манная - Cooked semolina
Каша овсяная - Porridge
Каша перловая - Boiled pearl barley
Каша пшённая - Millet porridge
Каша рисовая - Cream of rice

Flavour

Bitter - горький
Spicy - острый
Sweet - сладкий
Sour - кислый
Salty - соленый
Tasteless - безвкусный
Bland - нежный
Creamy - жирный, сливочный
Crisp - хрустящий
Stodgy - густой
Mild - неострый, мягкий
Savory - пикантный
Delicious - вкусный
Sickly - тошнотворный

Service

Waitress
Waiter
Service included
Service charge or tip

Phrases

We would like a table for 5, please.
I’d like to make a reservation for four at 5 p.m. for Smith.

I prefer French cuisine.
I’d like to make an order.
I would like to have dinner.
What would you recommend? = What do you recommend?
What is the special of the house?  – Какое фирменное блюдо в этом ресторане?
What are your specialties?
Menu, please.
May I have the menu and the wine list, please?
Do you serve vegetarian food?
Is there an English menu?
What kind of soup are you serving today?
What’s the cocktail of the day?
I’ll have the same thing.
I’ll have this.
How long will it take?
I’ll just have a ham sandwich.
Would you like fried, baked or mashed potatoes?
Medium rare, please.
Well done, please.
What kind of wine do you have?
I’d like a bottle of white wine.
How much is a whole bottle?
How much is a glass?
I’d like a cup of coffee.
May I have a glass of water?
Could you bring some extra napkins?
This isn’t what I ordered! I ordered….

Check, please.
May we have the bill?
May I pay by a credit card?

Please, excuse me for a moment.
What a delicious meal, thank you so much.
We had a great time, thank you.

Smoking or non-smoking section?

This way, please.

May I take your order? = Are you ready to order? – not yet, give us a second, please.
What drink would you prefer before dinner? = Would you like to have a drink first?

How would you like it? – Как вам  приготовить?
Would you like a dessert?
That’s on the house. – это за счет заведения.

Dialogues

Let’s go to the restaurant, shall we? – Пойдем в ресторан, а?
Yes, let’s. – Пойдем.
Would you like that table for two at the window? – Вас устроит тот столик на двоих возле окна?
Yes, that will do nicely. – Да, вполне.
What would you like to start with? – С чего бы вы хотели начать?
Tomato juice, please. – С томатного сока.
What will you have for the sweet? – Что вы возьмете на сладкое?

Have you chosen anything, sir?
A salad, please, to begin with.
Yes, sir. Anything else?
Yes, I think I’ll have the curry, please.
Would you like anything for desert?
Coffee, please.

Mr. Johnson: Shall we have dinner in this restaurant? They serve very good meals here, and the prices are quite reasonable.
Mr. Campbell: Well, you lead. You should know better.
In the restaurant.
J: What shall we have? A full course, I suppose? I’m awfully hungry.
C: So am I. and I’m thirsty, too.
J: Then let’s have a glass of mineral water first or some orange juice.
C: I prefer orange juice with ice.
J: Waiter! Iced orange juice and a glass of mineral water, please. Now let’s see the menu. And here is the wine card, too. How about some hard drinks?
C: I wouldn’t mind having a brandy.
J: So, it’s one brandy. And it’s whisky and soda for me. Now comes the starters. What do you suggest?
C: A salad would do, I think.
J: And I think I’ll have shrimps. Now for the soup.
C: Shall we have chicken broth?
J: I’d better take tomato soup. For the fish and meat courses they have broiled salmon, lamb chops and roast beef.
C: I won’t have any fish course. I’ll just try the roast beef.
J: And I don’t want any meat. I’d rather order perch. Now what is there for desert? Apples, pears, strawberry ice-cream, rice pudding….. What do you say to ice-cream?
C: Well, I don’t mind.
J: So, that’s settled: two ices.
After dinner
J: Well, how did you find the dinner?
C: It was really fine.
J: Waiter, how much is our bill?

 

 

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